Six Major Central Schemes for Underprivileged Women
Women in India have adorned high offices, brought glory to the nation but still there are innumerable women who rarely step outside their homes. Women in India face many socio-cultural, economical and political challenges. These challenges range from health (Girl child denied timely interventions in nutrition and healthcare and less attention on maternal care), Denied education, early marriage are the most wide spread challenges, with new challenges emerging in personal space such as dowry, domestic violence, moral policing. In professional pink polarisation of jobs, work place harassment, unequal pay for equal work and lack of political participation of women. The central government has launched many Beneficiaries for the unprivileged women.
1) Stree Swabhiman Yojna
The project focuses on training and establishing a sanitary napkin unit for women and girls to promote menstrual hygiene and to support village level entrepreneurs and SHG groups. The intervention proposes to create ongoing livelihood options for 35000 women who will be engaged in the manufacturing process by developing their own entrepreneurial ventures at their CSC Centre. The product (sanitary napkin) will be sold under local brand name and marketed by VLEs.The project also has a menstrual hygiene related awareness generation component and aims to increase usage of sanitary napkins among rural girls in schools and colleges by making the napkins available at the schools
Beneficiary – Government schools girls student studying in classes from 7th to 12th.
Enrolment link- https://streeswabhiman.in/;jsessionid=7a1oj3o42yat8x9935ykb5sy
2) Swadhar Greh
The scheme envisions a supportive institutional framework for women victims of difficult circumstances so that they can lead their life with dignity and conviction. It envisages that shelter, food, clothing, and health as well as economic and social security are assured for such women. It also envisions that the special needs of these women are properly taken care of and under no circumstances they should be left unattended or abandoned which could lead to their exploitation and desolation.
• Beneficiary –
The benefit of the programme could be availed by women above 18 years of age of the following categories:
a) Women who are deserted and are without any social and economic support.
b) Women survivors of natural disasters who have been rendered homeless and are without any social and economic support.
c) Women prisoners released from jail and are without family, social and economic support.
d) Woman victims of domestic violence, family tension or discord, “who an made to
leave their homes without any means of subsistence and have no special protection from exploitation or facing litigation on account of marital disputes.
e) Trafficked women/girls rescued or runaway from brothels or other places where they face exploitation and Women affected by HIV/AIDS who do not have any social or economic support. However such women girls should firs seek assistance under UJJAWALA Scheme in areas where it is in operation. Women of all category could stay up to a maximum period of 5 years. The older women above the 55 years of age may be accommodated till the age of 60 and then shifted to old age homes.
Swadhar Greh facilties could also be availed by the children accompanying women in the above categories. Girls up to the age of 18 years and boys up to the age of 12 years would be allowed to stay in the Swadhar Greh with their mother. (Boys of more than 12 years of age need to be shifted to the children Homes run under JJ Act).
Ujjawala is a comprehensive scheme for prevention of trafficking and rescue, rehabilitation and re-integration of victims of trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation. It aims to prevent trafficking of women and children for commercial sexual exploitation through social mobilization and involvement of local communities, awareness generation programmes, generate public discourse through workshops/seminars and such events and any other innovative activity. To facilitate rescue of victims from the place of their exploitation and place them in safe custody. To provide rehabilitation services both immediate and long-term to the victims by providing basic amenities/needs such as shelter, food, clothing, medical treatment including counselling, legal aid and guidance and vocational training. To facilitate reintegration of the victims into the family and society at large. To facilitate repatriation of cross-border victims to their country of origin.
Women and children who are vulnerable to trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation. Women and children who are victims of trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation.
4) Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme
Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme provides financial support for higher education and marriage purposes to girl child. The Overall Goal of the Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao scheme is to celebrate the girl child & enable her education. The objectives of the Scheme are as under :
(i) Prevent gender biased sex selective elimination.
(ii)Ensure survival & protection of the girl child.
(iii)Ensure education of the girl child.
It aims to address the issue of the declining child sex ratio image (CSR) and is a national initiative jointly run by the Ministry of Women and Child Development, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and the Ministry of Human Resource Development. It initially focused multi-sector action in 100 districts throughout the country where there was a low CSR.
• Beneficiary and Eligibility-
In order to be eligible for the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme, following conditions are to be fulfilled:
•A family with a girl child below the age of 10 years.
•There should be a Sukanya Samriddhi Account (SSA) in any bank, opened in the name of the girl child.
•The Girl child should be having an Indian citizenship.
•Enrolment link- https://wcd.nic.in/bbbp-schemes
The Ministry has been administering ‘Support to Training and Employment Programme for Women (STEP) Scheme’ since 1986-87 as a ‘Central Sector Scheme’. The STEP Scheme aims to provide skills that give employability to women and to provide competencies and skill that enable women to become self-employed/entrepreneurs. The assistance under STEP Scheme will be available in any sector for imparting skills related to employability and entrepreneurship, including but not limited to the Agriculture, Horticulture, Food Processing, Handlooms, Tailoring, Stitching, Embroidery, Zari etc. Handicrafts, Computer & IT enable services along with soft skills and skills for the work place such as spoken English, Gems & Jewellery, Travel & Tourism, Hospitality.
The Scheme is intended to benefit women who are in the age group of 16 years and above across the country.
SABLA is a scheme for the empowerment of teenage and young girls was launched under the Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls (RGSEAG). It aims to facilitate self-development and empowerment of young girls. To improve their nutrition, nourishment and health status. Spread awareness about health, hygiene, nutrition, Adolescent, Reproductive and Sexual Health (ARSH), and family and childcare. Improve their home skills, life skills and vocational skills. To inform and guide to current government services like PHC, CHC, Post Office, Bank, Police Station, etc.
The scheme covers all the adolescent girls in the age group of 11 to 18 years in 202 districts initially. The scheme has further divided the age group of 11 to 14 years and 14 to 18 years keeping in view the need for a different age group and to give proper attention to each group. It focuses on all out of school adolescent girls, who would assemble at the Anganwadi Centres directed by the central government. The school going girls also frequently visit Anganwadi Centres where they will receive living skills, education, nourishment tips and awareness of socio-legal issues.
•Enrolment link- https://wcd.nic.in/schemes/scheme-adolescent-girls-sag