Child Labour in Bihar by Ankur Yadav


Bihar being the fifth poorest state and lowest on school attendance. Bihar is said to be the main supplier of child labour. With 2.07 million workers aged between 5 and 17, the state accounts for 10.7% of india’s underage workforce and has the second highest number of child labour and adolescent.

In a country where 10.1 million children aged 5 and 14 are working albeit 2.5 million fewer than in 2001 illegal child labour at construction sites in Bihar represents india’s inability to end the crime.

India ratified two international labour organization conventions to eradicate child labour in 2017 but the investigations found that children are not just working but also handling arduous and risky late- night tasks in construction sites in Bihar.

The 13 districts together account for 55% of child labour in Bihar{as per census 2011}.
The districts identified were Patna, Gaya, Darbhanga, Bhojpur, Araria, Muzaffarpur, Nalanda, west champaran, Madhubani, East champaran, Nawada, Purnia and Sitamarhi. A report released by UNICEF Patna.
A very rare kind of organization is involved in Bihar which employ children and that is Marriage organization.
In Parsa village of Phulwari block in central Bihar, almost every day during the Wedding season determined by auspicious dates on the Hindu calendar- a group of around nine boys set out on an 8-km cycle ride to the state capital patna after school hours. There they work as helpers at wedding events, often logging 11-hour work shifts.

The boys are assigned them serving food and filling and reffling dishes.

Even after over seven decades of Independence, Bonded child labour still seems to exist.

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