A healthy childhood is substantial to become a grown up diligent worker afterwards. It is as important as it can rotate the scale of class relations upside-down. It is pivotal for all over development of a being. And what ensures healthy childhood at basic is education, nutrition and safety. Guess what Government schools in India provide all at a place at either very low or null cost.But the major obstacle to the path of realising the true potential of right to education free education mid day meal programs etc. ensuring a minimal healthy childhood to everyone is not the enrolment ratio but the increasing dropouts from schools of children especially during covid-19 pandemic, where children are pushed towards child labour and trafficking impulsively.
A child is any person under the age of 18.
Child labour is physical, mental or both kind of participation of child in any economically productive activity with or without compensation.
Child Trafficking is recruitment, transportation ,transfer harbouring, receipt of child for purpose of exploitation.
Basically child labour and trafficking are crime which are still a legal mindset. The reasons include social marginalisation of communities, poverty, rural to urban migration, prostitution and emergency is like covid-19 pandemic.
It is mostly prevalent in low economic zones of India no matter cities or villages.
Parents unknowingly put their children on a pedestal of being a depreciating asset by seizing the right to education from them as child labour leads to lower wages and higher unemployment among adults. Children who work and do not go to school and up in low paid jobs later, and so will their children-and so the vicious cycle of poverty is perpetuated.
The required laws exist but the matter is child labour and trafficking arises mostly of uneducated mindsets, economic dimension and free education, proper implementation of existing laws not only by the officials but by the mind sets of the country is required to empower the powerhouse of India -Children and youth.