Impacts of “child labour” on Children’s growth and development by Divyansh Singh Gehlot

The child labor id highly deleterious, and this misleads the growth and development of a child. The early working of a child causes many disabilities, unhealthiness, and emotional weakness. Children become unfit for society. Their early working and lack of education make them unskilled unemployed people, which ultimately leads them to become labor in the future. The survey of lio in 2018 reported that about 48 percent of the Labour Force in India. This is an awful figure and shows that there is a very large number of unskilled peoples. Moreover, this ratio is being saturated over many decades. The following are impacts of child labor-
• Injuries like- cuts, burns and lacerations, fractures, tiredness and dizziness, excessive fears, and nightmares.
Ø Sexual abuse, particularly sexual exploitation of girls by adults, rape, prostitution, early and unwanted pregnancy, abortion, Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) and HIV/AIDS, drugs, and alcoholism.
Ø Physical abuse involves corporal punishment, emotional maltreatment such as blaming, belittling, verbal attacks, rejection, humiliation, and bad remarks.
Ø Emotional neglect such as deprivation of family love and affection, resulting in loneliness, and hopelessness.
Ø Physical neglect like lack of adequate provision of food, clothing, shelter, and medical treatment.
Ø Lack of schooling results in missing educational qualifications and higher skills thus perpetuating their life in poverty.
Ø Competition of children with adult workers leads to depressing wages and salaries.
There are a number of ways that child labor can affect children, and these can vary depending on which industry the child is working. Generally, child laborers can suffer from long-term health problems due to malnutrition, exposure to chemicals, abuse, injuries, exhaustion, and psychological harm.
• In agriculture, children may be exposed to toxic pesticides or fertilizers. They work with dangerous blades and tools and carry heavy loads.
• In mining, children may use poisonous chemicals, face the risk of mine collapse, and sometimes work with explosives.
• In construction, children may carry heavy loads, work at heights without safety equipment, and risk injury from dangerous machinery.
• In manufacturing, children may use toxic solvents, perform repetitive tasks in painful positions, and risk injury from sharp tools.
• In domestic work, children risk abuse, work long hours, and often live in isolation from their families and friends.
Sources-
1. https://www.ilo.org/ipec/Regionsandcountries/Africa/WCMS_101161/lang–en/index.htm
2. https://www.worldvision.com.au/docs/default-source/school-resources/how-does-child-labour-affect-children—india-case-study-worksheet.pdf?sfvrsn=2
3. https://www.ilo.org/ilostatcp/CPDesktop/?list=true&lang=en&country=IND

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